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Chumash Casino Resort is a Native American Casino in Santa Ynez, California and is open daily 24 hours. The casino's square foot gaming space.


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A Mercedes Benz is on display inside the new Chumash Casino in the In the decades before gambling, many Chumash Indians toiled as ranch years ago, leaving him to provide for eight of their children, ages 6 to


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Chumash Casino Resort is a Native American Casino in Santa Ynez, California and is open daily 24 hours. The casino's square foot gaming space.


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Distinct Chumash dialects were spoken in each of dozens of villages. In , Old Mission Santa Ines was built. As she ticked off the improvements in her life since the casino opened, Pagaling also spoke of the disorientation brought on by so much wealth. But they persisted. A decade ago, some Chumash still relied on welfare and donated clothing. Kenneth Kahn, for one, sees only progress. And a people who had been relegated to the margins of history are reclaiming their identity. The Chumash were expert hunters and fishermen who produced stone cookware and intricate basketry. Pagaling keeps putting off plans to buy a four-wheel drive sport utility vehicle to make the trip to her Lake Tahoe vacation home. The earliest recorded sighting by a European was in October , when Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo encountered Indians in wood-plank canoes along the Santa Barbara and Ventura County coastline. In the early s, the federal government began a decades-long practice of shipping Indian children to Catholic boarding schools. Within the next decade, Chumash leaders hope to build a school, a day care center, a health club and a bank. Some of the Chumash have run through their riches, spending themselves back into debt. Many were ashamed to acknowledge their Native American ancestry. A couple of them ended up in San Quentin. Members who reside on the reservation pay only federal income taxes. They are also investing in higher education. Because Chumash frequently marry outside the tribe, most households have just one enrolled member. The band turned to gambling in A high-stakes bingo parlor attracted gamblers from as far as the San Francisco Bay Area and provided part-time employment for dozens of Indians. Every morning at 6, the Native American boarding students were required to line up wearing oversized military boots, Pagaling recalled. Their chores included scrubbing toilets and mopping floors. Gambling proceeds pay for free medical care at a modern Chumash clinic and subsidize private schooling, tutors and college tuition. She maintains her bearings, in part, by clinging to old habits. The family lived in a lean-to without walls or windows and slept on steel cots lined up on a dirt floor. Pagaling still lives on the reservation, in the modest, stucco house she and her late husband bought in She still remembers the excitement of moving into the home, her first to have electrical outlets and natural gas. In the decades before gambling, many Chumash Indians toiled as ranch hands, truckers, maids and farmworkers. But the sudden riches also have sparked conflict and fevered spending. Last year, Kahn was elected to the five-member business council that runs the tribal government. Scattered in his yard on the reservation here are a silver Range Rover, two oversized pickup trucks, a high-powered speedboat and a pair of all-terrain vehicles. She confesses to lingering regrets about the thousands of dollars she spent on a flat-screen television. But for me, to spend that money When gambling revenue began to flow in the mids, there was widespread fear that the casino would not last long; law enforcement officials had repeatedly threatened to shut it down. Growing up, he was barely aware of the world beyond the reservation. Following the lead of other Southern California tribes, the Chumash began offering slot-machine games, despite warnings from law enforcement authorities that the devices were illegal. The boy attends a private Christian academy, is assisted by a tutor and attends after-school and summer programs -- all made possible by the casino. A decade ago, the tribe -- formally the Santa Ynez Band of Mission Indians -- had been largely assimilated into the local Latino community. She and her sisters returned to the reservation after a year.

He does not have a college degree or a paying job. That, I believe, is human nature. Powerless for so long, the Chumash are asserting their sovereign rights with new vigor, aided by lawyers, lobbyists and consultants.

Some go here members are challenging the bloodlines of their fellow Chumash, contending that they lack the one-fourth Gambling age at chumash casino blood required for enrollment in the band.

They bathed in a swimming hole and wore clothes made from discarded flour sacks. Proposition 1A passed, and casino revenue continued to soar. Tribal members privately acknowledge gambling age at chumash casino some Chumash have gotten in over their heads, despite their robust casino income.

But in recent years, tribal subsidies have helped in maine gambling casino bangor Chumash attend a university, community college or trade school.

She worked for many years on an assembly line, packing frozen broccoli into food cartons. Members who once subsisted on rice and beans enjoy gourmet meals and expensive bottles of champagne at their own upscale restaurant, the Willows. Within three months, the band had paid off all of its start-up loans and installed additional machines.

It has also acquired adjacent property, expanding the reservation by 49 acres to accommodate future development. This is a source of bitter resentment in the broader Chumash nation.

We got ours. Like many of their generation, they were unaware of their Chumash lineage. Historians say that Chumash Indians have maintained a continuous presence in Southern California for at least 5, years.

The Chumash closed the site in the s because it failed to generate enough money to cover the cost of utilities and water. Now, they hire day laborers to tend their own sprawling estates. Bureau of Indian Gambling age at chumash casino.

The Chumash lived in dilapidated adobe dwellings. Going away to college never occurred to him. It has provided financial security and a bounty of material goods.

But the impulse to spend quickly persists. Women who once wore hand-me-downs and turquoise beads wear precious jewels and have cosmetic surgery. Battles over casino wealth have complicated marital breakups. Yet the costs of newfound wealth are as striking as the luxury cars that ply reservation streets and the private pools that dot backyards.

Thousands of Chumash Indians outside Santa Ynez get no share of the riches because their separate tribes lack federal recognition.

But the bingo hall closed in because of rising debts and a business dispute with outside investors. Among those in financial distress is Gilbert Cash, the chairman of the source gaming commission who oversees gambling at the casino.

Today, most have bank accounts. Many members had never used banks and continued to store their money in tin cans and in glove compartments gambling age at chumash casino abandoned vehicles. The torrent of money has caused a jarring transformation in the life of the Chumash. The population began to diminish in the early 19th century with the establishment of five mission-based communities in Chumash territory, according to John R.

They play golf at country clubs and vacation in Paris, Gambling age at chumash casino and Maui. Loreto and Florencia Armenta raised 10 children on the reservation during the Depression. The casino money has ignited bruising internal battles over ancestry. Yet Pace, now 75, feels a deep ambivalence about the wealth generated by the casino.

For much of the past two centuries, the Chumash of Santa Ynez lived in anonymity and abject poverty. Now, casino earnings are underwriting efforts to build a Chumash museum, scour European collections for Chumash artifacts and revive the Chumash Inezeno language.

Lewis Gray said has fought unsuccessfully for several years to compel his estranged wife, Cheryl, to make monthly support payments. Rosa Pace remembers gambling age at chumash casino sight of families climbing into trees from rickety rooftops to escape the floodwaters of Zanja de Cota Creek.

The Santa Ynez tribal government has used gambling proceeds to repave roads, erect street lights and build a sewage treatment plant.

Alcohol abuse was rampant. Life on the reservation was harsh. They were people who made the best of what they had. He is taking classes in political science and communications at Santa Barbara Community College and is thinking of pursuing a four-year degree. Chumash society was hierarchical, with chieftains and shaman priests at the top of the pecking order and craftsmen and laborers at the bottom.

A survey counted about 1, Chumash in 14 villages in the Santa Ynez Valley.

But at the time, there was no hint of such a windfall. Gray, 45, who is not a member of the tribe, said Cheryl walked out on him several years ago, leaving him to provide for eight of their children, ages 6 to

The church eventually donated the land to the Indians, and in , the U. I want to be the way I always was. Yet at 27, he has accumulated more wealth than many working Americans will see in a lifetime. Some tribal leaders worry that the monthly casino check is simply a new form of dependency, as corrosive as the welfare payments of old. The money has also added to the bitterness of marital breakups. Even more remarkable were the profit margins. Over the years, tribal members married into Mexican and Filipino families and grew detached from the reservation. As recently as the s, reservation homes lacked running water, electricity and phone service. Tribal members worked on the casino floor, provided security, directed parking and cooked burritos and fry bread for patrons. A small cemetery next to the mission cathedral holds the remains of about 1, Indians, marked by crumbled tombstones and splintered crosses covered in moss.